The combined downturns and subsequent economic stagnation have potentially eroded some sources of long-term growth, such as skills and ICT investment.Countries in the “Integrated Value Chain” group delivered by far the largest total factor productivity improvement.’ Productivity is the Achilles’ heel in Europe’s growth picture – and not lack of investment, as is sometimes argued.The intensity of ICT capital is strongly related to the level of an economy’s development.
As more companies adopt technology and innovations spread across the economy, the impact on productivity at macro levels becomes more visible. The rapid diffusion of high-speed networks and mobile devices has the potential to empower consumers and businesses to drive demand in new ways.Countries with large Internet economies are receiving more revenue growth and consumer surplus affiliated with broadband’s diffusion to households. Pre-conditions for reaping ICT-driven growth benefits need to be secured by a high-quality and affordable infrastructure in all sectors. The role of ICT should be increased : 1. a productivity effect through the ICT producing sector, 2. an investment effect from ICT-using industries through capital deepening, and 3. a productivity effect from an efficiency rise through the use of ICT which goes beyond the direct capital deepening effect.
The European Union has been working hard to move decisively beyond the crisis and create the conditions for a more competitive economy with higher employment. The Europe 2020 strategy is about delivering growth that is: smart, through more effective investments in education, research and innovation; sustainable, thanks to a decisive move towards a low-carbon economy; and inclusive, with a strong emphasis on job creation and poverty reduction. The strategy is focused on five ambitious goals in the areas of employment, innovation, education, poverty reduction and climate/energy. To ensure that the Europe 2020 strategy delivers, a strong and effective system of economic governance has been set up to coordinate policy actions between the EU and national levels.
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market. Horizon 2020 is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe’s global competitiveness. Seen as a means to drive economic growth and create jobs, Horizon 2020 has the political backing of Europe’s leaders and the Members of the European Parliament. They agreed that research is an investment in our future and so put it at the heart of the EU’s blueprint for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and jobs.
By coupling research and innovation, Horizon 2020 is helping to achieve this with its emphasis on excellent science, industrial leadership and tackling societal challenges. The goal is to ensure Europe produces world-class science, removes barriers to innovation and makes it easier for the public and private sectors to work together in delivering innovation.
Horizon 2020 is open to everyone, with a simple structure that reduces red tape and time so participants can focus on what is really important. This approach makes sure new projects get off the ground quickly – and achieve results faster. The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation will be complemented by further measures to complete and further develop the European Research Area. These measures will aim at breaking down barriers to create a genuine single market for knowledge, research and innovation
The future direction of economy is technology and energy. It shows by the data, economy is getting more dependent to both sector. Energy playing vital role for industry in general to produce and life. Technology help human to simplify task, daily activities, job etc. Both industry invest in human to research and develop new innovation to maintain sustainability.
The data above means that developing new innovation through research and development need high speed broadband since some features for research would be unsupportable using low bandwidth.
Indonesia is categorised as low speed network after the lowest Philippines.
Indonesia published small numbers of scientific articles since the governments budgeting small portion of money for R&D. We should conscious that development can surpasses other nation can only be succeed through invention.
Indonesia should support researcher to invent new innovation. However the result is gambling, once it is founded, the invention value will be very expensive and be pride of nation.
Politics should not disturb the technology innovation by its worthless speech.
Increasing broadband speed level increase the number of jobs and economic development.
The number of scientific article published by Indonesian Top Universities still low compare to other Top Universities in Asean such as NUS.
It is suggested for Indonesia to develop More R&D activities.
- Promoting more R&D companies (R&D patent box, etc)
- Stronger triple helix
- A greater emphasize on the broadband development
- Parallel processes between conventional economic structural transformation and leap-frog policies –new paradigm (R&D and innovation)